". VdoTips: Comprehension Practice Set 26



Comprehension Practice Set 26

Read the following passage and answer Question Nos. from 1 to 5: Psychoanalytic theory tells us that the human psyche is divided into three spheres: consciousness, precociousness, and the unconsciousness. Although Freud might not have discovered the unconsciousness, it is fair to say that he was aware of its significance and used it in his work to an unprecedented degree. He offers a classic description of the unconsciousness in his essay, ‘One of the difficulties of Psychoanalysis.’ It was then, and still is, difficult for many people to recognize that there can be contents of their minds of which they are unaware. The three levels of the psyche (Freud’s topographic hypothesis) can be represented by an iceberg. The top of the iceberg, which we all see, is consciousness. The part of the iceberg five or six feets below the waterline, which we can dimly make out, is the preconscious. And the part of the iceberg, below the line, which cannot be seen, is the unconscious. It makes up most of the iceberg and, it is important to recognize, the human psyche. According to Freud, all of our experiences are stored in the unconscious and have an effect on our minds and behaviour. Psychoanalytic criticism suggests that works of art resonate with this unconscious material in our minds. It is likely, psychoanalytic critics suggest, that works of art send messages, in hidden and rather mysterious ways, from the unconscious of creative artists to the unconscious of people who are the audience for their works. If the people found the idea of an unconscious difficult, they found Freud’s notion of the Oedipus complex outrageous. And it still is a very controversial matter as scholars in many fields argue about whether it exists or was just a fantastic notion of Freud’s. He believed that we all experience, when we are young children (around the age of 3), oedipal strivings. That is, we all desire to have the undivided attention and love of our parent of the opposite sex. Freud called this phenomenon the Oedipus complex because it resembled in important ways the myth of Oedipus, the Greek hero who unwittingly killed his father and married his mother. Although this theory is very controversial, it is interesting to notice how useful it is in dealing with works of art. The Oedipus complex has been used by critics to interpret everything from King Kong to the James Bond stories and films. 1. Which sphere of human psyche Sigmund Freud was presumed to have not discovered?
(A) Unconscious
(B) Pre-consciousness
(C) Consciousness
(D) Post consciousness

2. In the example explaining the three spheres of human psyche, which part was identified with pre-conscious?
(A) The icebergwww.netugc.com
(B) The topic of iceberg
(C) The portion of iceberg submerged below waterline
(D) The part of iceberg we cannot see

3. How do the works of art send message to the audience?
(A) Through colours
(B) Through human figures
(C) Through unconscious message inscribed in works of art to the unconscious of audience
(D) Through the writings of the critics

4. What did Sigmund Freud believed about Oedipus complex?
(A) Only female child experience Oedipus complex
(B) The strong influence of Greek God Oedipus
(C) Young children of about 3 years of age want undivided attention of parent of opposite sex
(D) The unconsciousness in genes of brain

5. How did the critics use Oedipus complex in the past?
(A) Works of art
(B) Commentaries on Freud’s works
(C) In interpreting King Kong, James Bond stories and films
(D) Explaining fantasies in films