". VdoTips: Comprehension Practice Set 24

Comprehension Practice Set 24

Read the following passage and answer question nos. 1 to 5: The Swiss Linguist Ferdinand de Saussure is the founder of semiology, and the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce is the founder of semiotics – both sciences are involved with how to interpret signs. In recent years, in part to make life simpler for ourselves, we have taken to using the term semiotics to stand for both methods of analysing signs. But what is a sign? I will explain Saussure’s theories first and then deal with Peirce’s. For Saussure, the important thing to remember about signs is that they are made up of sounds and images, what he called signifiers, and the concepts these sounds and images bring to mind, what he called signifiers, and the concepts these sounds and images bring to mind, what he called signified … Words are signs, but so are many other things, such as facial expressions, body language, clothes, haircuts – you name it. To a semiotician, everything can be taken for a sign … Saussure said there was something very important to remember about signs: The relation between signifier and signified is based on CONVENTION, IS ARBITARRY. The word tree and the large stemmed plant for which the word tree stands is not natural but historical, tied to conventions and choices that people made. He distinguished symbols from signs by saying that symbols, which he saw as a subcategory of signs, are not completely arbitrary …. What is important to remember is that symbols have enormous significance in our lives and play an important role in our thinking and behaviour. Peirce had a different system. He believed there were three different kinds of signs: icons, indexes, and symbols, Icons signify by resemblance, indexes signify on the basis of convention. 1. What do the semiotics and semiology mean?
(A) Both mean analysing of signs.
(B) Semiotics is theory and semiology is the interpretation of that theory.
(C) Semiotics studies signs while semiology creates models.
(D) Semiotics studies signs while semiology studies symbols.


2. Signifier means:
(A) Meaning
(B) Concepts
(C) Signs and symbols that one sees around
(D) A collection of signs and symbol


3. Facial expressions, hair cuts and body languages are known as
(A) Signswww.netugc.com
(B) Meaning
(C) Semiotics
(D) Semiology


4. The connection between the signifiers and signified is
(A) Logical
(B) Arbitrary
(C) Calculations
(D) Theory oriented


5. The symbol, according to Peirce is based on
(A) Customs
(B) Deductions
(C) Formula
(D) Relativism